Which is the more important trading partner for the various countries: China or the United States? (in 1980, 1990, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2010, 2013 and 2018)
The IMF’s trade database shows whether China or the United States is the more important trading partner for the countries in the years between 1980–2018. The data reflect the extent of trade integration between the two economies. In 2001, when China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO), more than 80% of the countries for which data are available engaged in more active trade with the US than with China. By 2018, this figure had diminished to 30%, with two-thirds of the countries (128 out of the 190) trading more with China than the US. It is equally important that 90 countries traded more than twice as much with China than with the United States. The turning point was the global financial crisis of 2008, when China surpassed the United States as the larger trading partner of more than half of all countries. As it can be seen on the maps here, global trade has been considerably reshaped in this period.