Types of geopolitical regions according to Norbert Csizmadia
By taking into account the great powers and regional powers presented previously by geopolitical thinkers (Cohen, Brzezinski, Kissinger, Kennedy, Huntington, Santos), the country rankings based on my own research integrated into indicators built on geographical factors, and the densities derived from the connectivity factors, the following results were obtained from the geofusion maps. • There are two (large) global geopolitical force fields, namely America and Eurasia, with two main great powers acting as geopolitical leaders; these are China and the United States (which are also referred to as the G2 countries).
- The analysis identified 16 regional powers: Russia, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Scandinavia, Brazil, South Africa.
- Among geopolitical regions (as regional force fields), gateway regions will be especially key in the future, largely owing to transportation and trade. Six major gateway regions were identified by the analysis: Southeast Asia’s ASEAN countries, Central Asia, the Persian Gulf, Southern Europe, Central and Eastern Europe (the countries that joined the 17+1 Initiative), and Central America.
- 64 global urban power centers were determined, which are important parts and hubs of the geopolitical force fields. Out of the 64 global urban hubs, 5 are in Latin America, 3 are in Africa, 3 are in Australia, 12 are in North America, and 41 are on the Eurasian continent (with 20 in Asia and 21 in Europe).
The results obtained with the geofusion method show that in the multipolar world order, not only countries have geopolitical and geoeconomic significance (although they play a central role), but so do the territories arising from regional cooperation, economic and geostrategic power centers as well as global hubs and cities, which take on new importance owing to connectivity.