Knowledge network hubs during educational and scientific cooperation

New world orders are emerging, yet the maps that were created in the wake of the Age of Discovery are used in the 21st century for digital navigation, thereby establishing digital and virtual geopolitics. The traditional concept of space changed in the second half of the 20th century (deterritorialization). Our world is shrinking (global village), but it is also expanding at the same time. The 21st century saw the significance of geopolitics with an approach focusing on geographical space return to its rightful place, and geographical components play a crucial role in certain decisions. The new world order is global and also based on networks and information, just as new maps are simultaneously global, while being about networks and information.

Eurasia’s hubs and connectivity
Network of scientific cooperation in 2005–2009 and 2010–2016